ap sythesis



Das Enzym ATP-Synthase oder FoF1-ATPase ist ein Transmembranprotein. Die ATP-Synthase tritt abhängig vom Verhältnis der Substrate und Produkte entweder als ATP-verbrauchende Protonenpumpe oder als protonen-getriebene ATP-Synthase auf. Unter physiologischen Bedingungen besteht die Hauptaufgabe des
ATP synthase is an enzyme that creates the energy storage molecule adenosine triphosphate (ATP). ATP is the most commonly used "energy currency" of cells for most organisms. It is formed from adenosine diphosphate (ADP) and inorganic phosphate (Pi). The overall reaction catalyzed by ATP synthase is: ADP + Pi +
Mitochondria are unusual organelles. They act as the power plants of the cell, are surrounded by two membranes, and have their own genome. They also divide independently of the cell in which they reside, meaning mitochondrial replication is not coupled to cell division. Some of these features are holdovers from the
ATP synthesis involves the transfer of electrons from the intermembrane space, through the inner membrane, back to the matrix. The transfer of electrons from the matrix to the intermembrane space leads to a substantial pH difference between the two sides of the membrane (about 1.4 pH units). Mitchell recognized that this
ATP synthase is a huge molecular complex (>500,000 daltons) embedded in the inner membrane of mitochondria. Its function is to convert the energy of protons (H+) moving down their concentration gradient into the synthesis of ATP. 3 to 4 protons moving through this machine is enough to convert a molecule of ADP and
ATP synthesis by oxidative phosphorylation and photophosphorylation, catalyzed by F1F0-ATP synthase, is the fundamental means of cell energy production. Earlier mutagenesis studies had gone some way to describing the mechanism. More recently, several X-ray structures at atomic resolution have pictured the catalytic
Summary: ATP synthase, a double-motor enzyme, plays various roles in the cell, participating not only in ATP synthesis but in ATP hydrolysis-dependent processes and in the regulation of a proton gradient across some membrane-dependent systems. Recent studies of ATP synthase as a potential molecular target for the
12.04.2012 -
Metabolism - ATP synthesis in mitochondria: In order to understand the mechanism by which the energy released during respiration is conserved as ATP, it is necessary to appreciate the structural features of mitochondria. These are organelles in animal and plant cells in which oxidative phosphorylation takes place.
ATP synthase FAQ. This list of Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) on the ATP synthase is written with the assumption that the reader has some background knowledge in biochemistry, enzymology, and physical chemistry. This is NOT a review article or something of that kind; there are no references or credits, and no

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